Article 43

 

Tuesday, May 28, 2024

Bad Moon Rising Part 101 - China and Russia 75 Years Later

image: russia china flags
 
The “Wolfowitz Doctrine” became the American foreign policy during the Bush administration; fast forward to today in 2020, it continues to be the template for the U.S Foreign Policy and has become even more brash under the Trump Administration.  Our [U.S.] first objective is to prevent the re-emergence of a new rival, either on the territory of the former Soviet Union or elsewhere that poses a threat on the order of that posed formerly by the Soviet Union. This is a dominant consideration underlying the new regional defense strategy and requires that we endeavor to prevent any hostile power from dominating a region whose resources would, under consolidated control, be sufficient to generate global power. These regions include Western Europe, East Asia, the territory of the former Soviet Union, and Southwest Asia.
- Wolfowitz Doctrine
 
President Biden signed an executive order giving the Treasury Department the authority to target financial institutions that facilitate Russia’s efforts to bolster its defense industry.
- Biden signs executive order targeting financial facilitators of Russian defense industry, December 2023
 
It’s important to understand that most conflicts between the East and the West are engineered conflicts and the leaders of <i>both sides
are not really at odds with each other. Rather, these wars are Kabuki Theater; they are wars of convenience to achieve covert ends while mesmerizing the masses with moments of terror and calamity.
- NWO - The Great Gamble, 2022
 
In Russia there comes the hope of the world, not as that sometimes termed of the communistic, or Bolshevik, no; but freedom, freedom! That each man will live for his fellow man! The principle has been born. It will take years for it to be crystallised, but out of Russia comes again the hope of the world. (3976-29)
Out of Russia Will Come Hope, Edgar Cayce’s ARE
 

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China-Russia joint statement marking ‘new era’ on 75th anniversary of relations
The presidents of China and Russia, Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin, signed a joint statement in Beijing in 2024. This is an unofficial English translation of the full text of the historic document, marking a “new era” on the 75th anniversary of relations.

By Ben Norton
Geopolitical Economy Report
May 24, 2025

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin traveled to China from May 16-17, 2024, where he met with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

This was the 43rd meeting between the two leaders, although it held particular significance as it marked the 75th anniversary of the relations between their countries.

While in Beijing, Xi and Putin signed a lengthy joint statement, which when translated into English amounts to roughly 8000 words.

The documentis available in CHINESE and RUSSIAN on the websites of the respective governments.

As of May 25, there is no official translation of the full text in English. Only short excerpts of the statement have been reported on in the English-language media.

Geopolitical Economy Report asked several Chinese journalists and academics if there will be an official English translation, but they did not know, and some said they do not expect one to be published.

Given the importance of the joint statement, Geopolitical Economy Report has decided to publish a machine translation below, for educational purposes.

NOTE: The following is an unofficial translation using computer software and artificial intelligence, with some manual input. There may be errors. If an official translation of the full text is made available, this will be updated.

Joint statement between the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation on deepening the comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries

May 16, 2024

At the invitation of President Xi Jinping of the People’s Republic of China, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation conducted a state visit to the Peoples Republic of China from May 16 to 17, 2024. The two heads of state held formal talks in Beijing and jointly attended the opening ceremony of the China-Russia Year of Culture 2024-2025 and a special concert commemorating the 75th anniversary of the establishment of China-Russia diplomatic relations. Premier Li Qiang of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China also met with President Putin of Russia.

President Putin of Russia also traveled to Harbin to attend the opening ceremony of the 8th China-Russia Expo.

The People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as “both sides") declare as follows:

1

In 2024, China and Russia will grandly celebrate the 75th anniversary of their diplomatic relations. Over the past 75 years, China-Russia relations have experienced an extraordinary development journey. The Soviet Union was the first country in the world to recognize and establish diplomatic relations with the Peoples Republic of China. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the PeopleҒs Republic of China recognized the Russian Federation as the legitimate successor state of the Soviet Union and reiterated its willingness to develop China-Russia relations on the basis of equality, mutual respect, and mutually beneficial cooperation. The Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation between the Peoples Republic of China and the Russian Federation, signed on July 16, 2001, laid a solid foundation for continuously and comprehensively strengthening China-Russia relations. The status of bilateral relations has been continuously upgraded, reaching the highest level in history as a comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for the new era. Through the unremitting efforts of both sides, China-Russia relations, guided by the national interests of both countries and adhering to the spirit of permanent good-neighborliness and friendship, have maintained healthy and stable development.

Both sides pointed out that current China-Russia relations transcend the military-political alliance model of the Cold War era, characterized by non-alignment, non-confrontation, and non-targeting of third countries. Facing a turbulent and changing world order, China-Russia relations have withstood the test of international vicissitudes, demonstrating stability and resilience, and are now at their best level in history. Both sides emphasized that developing a comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for the new era between China and Russia serves the fundamental interests of both countries and their peoples. This partnership is not a temporary measure, is not influenced by external factors, and has strong intrinsic motivation and independent value. Both sides firmly defend their legitimate rights and interests, oppose any attempts to obstruct the normal development of China-Russia relations, interfere in the internal affairs of both countries, or restrict the economic, technological, and international space of the two countries.

Both sides reaffirmed that China and Russia always regard each other as priority partners, consistently uphold mutual respect, treat each other as equals, and pursue mutually beneficial cooperation. They always adhere to the UNITED NATIONS CHARTER, international law, and the basic principles of international relations, making their relationship a model of major countries and neighboring states in today’s world. Both sides are willing to further deepen comprehensive strategic coordination, firmly support each other on issues concerning their core interests such as sovereignty, territorial integrity, security, and development, effectively leverage their respective advantages, focus on safeguarding their national security and stability, and promote development and revitalization. Both sides will follow the principles set out in the TREATY OF GOOD-NEIGHBORLINESS AND FRIENDLY COOPERATION signed on July 16, 2001, as well as other bilateral documents and statements, to conduct high-quality, high-level mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields.

China welcomed the successful presidential election held in the Russian Federation in March 2024, recognizing that THE ELECTION was well-organized, open, objective, and inclusive. The results fully demonstrate the broad support for the national policies pursued by the Russian government, and the development of friendly relations with the Peoples Republic of China is an important part of Russia’s foreign policy.

China strongly condemned all organizers, perpetrators, and planners of the inhumane TERRORIST ATTACK IN MOSCOW OBLAST on March 22, 2024, considering attacks on civilians completely unacceptable, and supports Russia’s resolute efforts to combat terrorism and extremism, maintaining national peace and stability.

Russia reaffirmed its adherence to the One China principle, recognizing Taiwan as an inalienable part of the People’s Republic of China, opposing any form of “Taiwan independence,” and firmly supporting China’s efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity and achieve national reunification. China supports Russia in maintaining its national security and stability, development and prosperity, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, opposing external forcesҒ interference in Russias internal affairs.

Both sides pointed out that the accelerating evolution of the world’s major changes and the rising status and strength of emerging powers in the “GLOBAL SOUTH” are rapidly becoming apparent. These objective factors accelerate the redistribution of development potential, resources, and opportunities, favoring emerging markets and developing countries, and promoting the democratization of international relations and international fairness and justice. In contrast, countries adhering to hegemonism and power politics are going against this trend, attempting to replace and subvert the recognized international order based on international law with a “rules-based order.” Both sides emphasized that China’s concept of building a community with a shared future for mankind and a series of global initiatives have significant positive implications.

As independent forces in the process of building a multipolar world, China and Russia will fully tap the potential of their bilateral relations, promoting the realization of an equitable and orderly multipolar world and the democratization of international relations, and unite to build a just and reasonable multipolar world.

Both sides believe that all countries have the right to independently choose their development models and political, economic, and social systems based on their national conditions and people’s will, opposing interference in the internal affairs of sovereign countries, unilateral sanctions without international law basis or UN Security Council authorization, and “long-arm jurisdiction.” Both sides pointed out that neocolonialism and hegemonism completely contradict the current trend of the times, calling for equal dialogue, development of partnership relations, and promotion of civilizational exchanges and mutual learning.

Both sides will continue to firmly defend the outcomes of World War II and the post-war world order enshrined in the UN Charter, opposing any denial, distortion, or tampering with the history of World War II. Both sides pointed out the necessity of proper historical education, protecting world anti-fascist memorial facilities from desecration or destruction, and strongly condemning the glorification or attempts to revive Nazism and militarism. Both sides plan to grandly celebrate the 80th anniversary of the victories in the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the Soviet Union’s Great Patriotic War in 2025, jointly promoting a correct view of World War II history.

2

Both sides will take the lead through head-of-state diplomacy to promote the all-round development of the China-Russia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination for the New Era. Both sides will fully implement the important consensus reached by the two heads of state, continue to maintain close high-level exchanges, ensure the smooth operation of government, local, and civil exchange mechanisms, and actively explore the creation of new channels for cooperation.

Both sides will continue to engage in exchanges between leaders of their legislative bodies, deepen cooperation between the parliamentary cooperation committees, joint working groups, special committees, and parliamentary friendship groups of the two countries, maintain exchanges and cooperation between the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the Office of the President of the Russian Federation, conduct trust-building dialogues within the framework of strategic security consultations and law enforcement security cooperation mechanisms, and promote exchanges between political parties, civil societies, and academic circles in both countries.

Both sides are pleased to note that defense cooperation between the two countries is steadily advancing based on high-level strategic mutual trust, effectively safeguarding regional and global security. Both sides will further deepen military mutual trust and cooperation, expand the scale of joint training and exercises, regularly organize joint maritime and air patrols, strengthen coordination and cooperation within bilateral and multilateral frameworks, and continuously improve their capabilities and levels in jointly responding to risks and challenges.

Both sides attach great importance to cooperation in law enforcement and security, and are willing to strengthen cooperation in combating terrorism, separatism, extremism, and transnational organized crime within bilateral frameworks as well as under the United Nations, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, BRICS, and other frameworks. Both sides are committed to strengthening border area cooperation between the law enforcement departments of the two countries.

Both sides pointed out that using multilateral or national judiciary, or providing assistance to foreign judicial institutions or multilateral legal mechanisms to interfere in the sovereign affairs of countries is unacceptable. They expressed deep concern over the increasing politicization of international criminal justice and violations of human rights and sovereign immunity. Both sides believe that any actions taken by any country or group of this nature are illegal, violate recognized principles of international law, and will harm the international community’s ability to combat crime.

Both sides believe that according to the basic principles of international law on the sovereign equality of states, the relevant international obligations regarding the immunity of states and their property (including sovereign reserves) must be strictly observed. Both sides condemn attempts to confiscate foreign assets and property, emphasizing that affected countries have the right to take countermeasures in accordance with international law. Both sides are determined to protect each others national property within their own countries and ensure the safety, inviolability, and timely return of the other country’s property temporarily brought into their own country.

Both sides plan to improve the mechanisms for the recognition and enforcement of legal judgments stipulated in the Treaty between the Peoples Republic of China and the Russian Federation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters, signed on June 19, 1992.

Both sides will continue to strengthen practical cooperation in the field of emergency management, engage in cooperation in disaster prevention, mitigation, and relief, and safety production in areas such as space monitoring and aviation rescue technology, and organize joint rescue exercises and training sessions.

3

Both sides believe that practical cooperation between China and Russia is a crucial factor in promoting the economic and social development and common prosperity of both countries, ensuring technological progress and national economic sovereignty, achieving national modernization, enhancing the well-being of the people, and maintaining the stability and sustainability of the world economy. Both sides are willing to promote inclusive economic globalization. Both sides are pleased to see that practical cooperation in various fields between China and Russia continues to advance and achieve positive results. Both sides are willing to continue deepening cooperation in all fields based on the principle of mutual benefit and win-win results, closely coordinate to jointly overcome external challenges and adverse factors, improve the efficiency of cooperation, and achieve stable and high-quality development of cooperation. To this end, the two sides agreed:

- According to the “JOINT STATEMENT BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON THE PLAN FOR KEY DIRECTIONS OF CHINA-RUSSIA ECONOMIC COOPERATION UNTIL 2030”, vigorously promote high-quality development in all fields of cooperation.

- Continuously expand the scale of bilateral trade, optimize trade structure, deepen cooperation in service trade, e-commerce, digital economy, and sustainable development, and jointly maintain the stability and security of industrial and supply chains.

- Welcome the 8th China-Russia Expo in Harbin, China, and support representatives from various sectors in both countries to participate in important forums and exhibitions held in both countries.

- Continuously improve the level of investment cooperation between the two countries, jointly promote the implementation of major cooperation projects, protect investorsҒ rights and interests, and create fair and just conditions for investment. Actively utilize the investment field coordination mechanisms between the two countries. Upgrade the Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Russian Federation on the Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments as soon as possible.

- Accelerate the formulation and approval of the new “China-Russia Investment Cooperation Planning Outline” in 2024, fully promote the implementation of the Outline, and enhance the effectiveness of bilateral investment cooperation.

- Continuously consolidate China-Russia strategic energy cooperation and achieve high-level development, ensuring the economic and energy security of both countries. Strive to ensure the stability and sustainability of the international energy market, and maintain the stability and resilience of the global energy industry and supply chains. Conduct cooperation in areas such as oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, coal, and electricity based on market principles, ensure the stable operation of relevant cross-border infrastructure, and ensure smooth energy transportation. Jointly promote the implementation of large-scale energy projects by Chinese and Russian enterprises, and deepen cooperation in prospective areas such as renewable energy, hydrogen energy, and carbon markets.

- Based on successful and ongoing project experiences, deepen cooperation in the field of civil nuclear energy according to the principles of mutual benefit and balanced interests, including thermonuclear fusion, fast neutron reactors, and closed nuclear fuel cycles, and explore package cooperation on the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle and joint construction of nuclear power plants.

- Increase the share of local currencies in bilateral trade, financing, and other economic activities. Improve the financial infrastructure of both countries, and facilitate settlement channels between business entities in both countries. Strengthen regulatory cooperation in the banking and insurance sectors of China and Russia, promote the sound development of banks and insurance institutions established in each other’s countries, encourage two-way investment, and issue bonds in each others financial markets under market principles. Support further cooperation in insurance, reinsurance, and enhancing payment convenience, and create favorable conditions for the growth of tourist numbers in both directions. Actively promote mutually beneficial cooperation in practical areas based on the equivalence and mutual recognition of Chinese and Russian accounting standards (in the field of bond issuance), auditing standards, and audit supervision.

- Conduct China-Russia financial intelligence cooperation, jointly prevent risks such as money laundering and terrorist financing, and continue to strengthen cooperation under the multilateral anti-money laundering framework.

- Enhance the level of cooperation in industrial and innovation fields, jointly develop advanced industries, and strengthen technical and production cooperation, including in civil aviation manufacturing, shipbuilding, automobile manufacturing, equipment manufacturing, electronics industry, metallurgy, iron ore mining, chemical industry, and forest industry. Create favorable conditions for the implementation of priority projects in prospective fields for both parties, expand trade in industrial products and increase their share in bilateral trade, and promote the modernization of the industries in both countries.

- Conduct mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of information and communication technology, including artificial intelligence, communications, software, the Internet of Things, open source, network and data security, video games, radio frequency coordination, vocational education, and professional scientific research.

- Consolidate the long-term partnership in the space field between the two sides, implement major national space program projects that align with the common interests of China and Russia, promote cooperation in the fields of lunar and deep space exploration, including the construction of the International Lunar Research Station, and strengthen the application cooperation of the Beidou and GLONASS satellite navigation systems.

- Unlock the enormous potential for cooperation in the agricultural sector, expand mutual market access for agricultural products of the two countries, increase the trade level of soybeans and their products, pork, aquatic products, grains, oils, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and other agricultural and food products. Deepen agricultural investment cooperation, and continue to study the establishment of China-Russia agricultural cooperation pilot demonstration zones in the Russian Far East and other regions.

- Deepen cooperation in transportation logistics and ports, build stable, smooth, and sustainable transportation and logistics corridors, and develop direct or transit transportation routes between the two countries. Simultaneously strengthen the construction of border port infrastructure, improve the standardized management of ports, enhance port inspection efficiency and customs clearance capabilities, and ensure smooth and stable two-way passenger and cargo flow. Improve the customs clearance capacity and transportation capacity of China-Europe freight trains transiting through Russia, and jointly ensure the safe and efficient transportation of goods. From the strategic significance of the China-Russia partnership, actively promote the development of air transport, encourage airlines of both countries to add more routes and flights in a standardized manner, covering more regions.

- Strengthen customs cooperation, focusing on promoting exchanges and cooperation on the international trade “single windowsystem,” applying modern regulatory mechanisms and automated management processes, further facilitating trade exchanges, improving the transparency of import and export business, and effectively combating customs violations.

- Strengthen the exchange of experience and practical sharing in the protection and utilization of intellectual property, and fully utilize the important role of intellectual property in promoting technological innovation and economic and social development.

- Strengthen mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of competition policy, including cooperation in law enforcement and the protection of competition rules in commodity markets (including digital commodity markets), creating favorable conditions for bilateral economic and trade cooperation.

- Further promote cooperation in industry, infrastructure, housing, and urban development.

- Under the framework of the China-Russia Prime Ministers’ Regular Meeting Committee mechanism, establish a subcommittee on Arctic route cooperation to conduct mutually beneficial cooperation in Arctic development and utilization, protect the Arctic ecosystem, promote the Arctic route as an important international transport corridor, and encourage enterprises of both countries to strengthen cooperation in increasing Arctic route traffic volume and building Arctic route logistics infrastructure. Deepen cooperation in polar ship technology and construction.

- Actively support local and border cooperation, expand comprehensive exchanges between localities of the two countries. Under the preferential system framework of the Russian Far East, strengthen investment cooperation based on market and commercial principles, and conduct industrial and high-tech industry cooperative production. In accordance with the principles of good-neighborliness, friendship, and respect for national sovereignty, jointly develop Heixiazi Island (Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island). Accelerate consultations on the text of the “Intergovernmental Agreement on Navigation of Chinese and Russian Vessels in the Waters Surrounding Heixiazi Island (Tarabarov Island and Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island).” The two sides will conduct constructive dialogue with the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea on the matter of Chinese vessels navigating to the sea via the lower reaches of the Tumen River.

- Deepen environmental protection cooperation, strengthen cooperation in areas such as transboundary water body protection, emergency contact for environmental pollution, biodiversity protection, and solid waste treatment.

- Continue close cooperation to improve the environmental quality of the border areas between the two countries.

- Continue to strengthen cooperation, implement the “Agreement on Economic and Trade Cooperation between the Peoples Republic of China and the Eurasian Economic Union” signed on May 17, 2018, promote the alignment of the “Belt and Road” initiative with the construction of the Eurasian Economic Union, and deepen comprehensive cooperation and connectivity in the Eurasian region.

- Continue to implement the consensus of the two heads of state on the parallel and coordinated development of the “Belt and Road” initiative and the “Greater Eurasian Partnership,: creating conditions for the independent and steady development of the economies and societies of Eurasian countries.

- Continue to conduct China-Russia-Mongolia trilateral cooperation according to the “China-Russia-Mongolia Trilateral Cooperation Mid-term Roadmap” and the “China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor Plan Outline” and other documents.

4

Both parties believe that cultural exchanges are of paramount importance in enhancing mutual understanding, promoting the tradition of good-neighborliness, perpetuating the longstanding friendship between the peoples of the two countries, and solidifying the social foundation of bilateral relations. The parties are willing to work together to actively expand cultural cooperation, improve the level of cooperation, and broaden the outcomes of such collaboration. To this end, the parties have agreed to:

- Continuously deepen educational cooperation and improve the legislative foundation. They will promote the expansion and enhancement of bilateral study programs, advance Chinese language teaching in Russia and Russian language teaching in China, encourage educational institutions to expand exchanges and cooperative education, conduct high-level talent joint training and collaborative research, support cooperation in basic research between universities, and support activities by alliances of similar universities and secondary schools, as well as cooperation in vocational and digital education.

- Deepen scientific and technological exchanges. They will leverage the potential for cooperation in basic and applied research, expand cooperation under the framework of major scientific facilities, support the establishment of modern laboratories and advanced research centers, maintain the initiative in the technological development of both countries, promote personnel exchanges, and conduct interdisciplinary climate change research.

- Fully utilize the opportunity presented by the 2024-2025 China-Russia Cultural Year to comprehensively engage in exchanges in the fields of performing arts, museums, libraries, cultural heritage protection, art education, and creative industries. They will broaden the regions involved in cultural exchanges, actively promote participation by local youth and cultural workers, continue hosting cultural festivals, library forums, and the China-Russia Cultural Fair, and encourage exploring new initiatives such as an “International Pop Song Contest.” The parties believe that the diversity and uniqueness of cultures and civilizations form the basis of a multipolar world. Based on this, they will conduct exchanges, cooperation, and mutual learning, oppose the politicization of culture, and reject discriminatory and exclusionary “civilizational superiority” theories. They oppose the practice of some countries and nations engaging in “cultural cancelation” and the destruction or removal of commemorative and religious facilities, and they will promote more countries recognition of traditional moral values.

- Engage in dialogue regarding the protection, research, restoration, and utilization of historical religious facilities, martyr memorials, and historical and cultural heritage.

- Promote cooperation in the film industry, including supporting the Russian side in establishing the Eurasian Film Academy and the “Open Eurasian Film Awards,” and actively consider submitting films for these awards.

- Continue advancing cooperation in healthcare fields such as disaster medicine, infectious diseases, oncology and nuclear medicine, ophthalmology, pharmacology, and maternal and child health. They will use advanced experiences in modern medical technology to promote high-level medical talent training.

- Conduct cooperation in infectious disease prevention and control, local and cross-border health fields, expand cooperation in biological disaster warning and response, maintain national sovereignty in the biological field, and place high importance on relevant cooperation in the border areas of China and Russia.

- Highly evaluate the achievements of the China-Russia Year of Sports Exchanges 2022-2023 and continue to pragmatically advance cooperation in the field of sports, deepening exchanges in various sports. The Chinese side highly values the Russian side’s hosting of the first “Future Games” in Kazan in 2024 and supports the hosting of the BRICS Games by the Russian side. The parties oppose the politicization of sports, reject the use of nationality, language, religion, politics, or other beliefs, race, and social origin as tools for discriminating against athletes, and call for equal international sports cooperation in accordance with the Olympic spirit and principles.

- Expand cooperation in tourism, create favorable conditions for increasing mutual visits by Chinese and Russian tourists, promote the development of cross-border tourism, and jointly implement the Agreement between the Government of the Peoples Republic of China and the Government of the Russian Federation on Mutual Visa Exemption for Group Tourism signed on February 29, 2000, and expedite negotiations for its revision.

- Strengthen media exchanges between the two countries, promote mutual visits at all levels, support pragmatic professional dialogue, actively engage in high-quality content cooperation, explore the potential for cooperation in new media and new technologies in the field of mass media, objectively and comprehensively report on major global events, and disseminate truthful information in the international public opinion arena. They will continue to promote exchanges and cooperation between translation and publishing institutions of both countries, and support the mutual broadcasting of television channel programs.

- Support cooperation between archival departments, including exchanging advanced work experiences and archival information, jointly preparing archival publications, and implementing exhibition projects related to the history of China-Russia relations and the history of the two countries.

- Support the work of the China-Russia Friendship, Peace and Development Committee, encourage cooperation through friendship associations and other civil society groups, promote people-to-people exchanges and mutual understanding between China and Russia, and strengthen exchanges between experts and think tanks of the two countries.

- Strengthen cooperation in the field of youth, carry out education on ideals and beliefs, correct values, and patriotism, support youth innovation and entrepreneurship, volunteer services, and creativity enhancement. To consolidate and enrich the achievements of the World Festival of Youth and Students and the World Youth Development Forum, they will continue to deepen youth exchanges at all levels and collaborate on multilateral youth platforms to promote common international cooperation initiatives.

5

Both sides reaffirmed their commitment to building a more just and stable multipolar international architecture, fully respecting and abiding by the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter unconditionally, and safeguarding true multilateralism. Both sides emphasized that the work of the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations should be further strengthened.

The two sides are willing to deepen bilateral cooperation within the framework of the United Nations, including the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council, and should strengthen collaboration when discussing important international issues within various United Nations agencies.

The two sides are willing to continue to work together to promote constructive dialogue and cooperation among all parties in the field of multilateral human rights, advocate common values for all mankind, oppose the politicization of human rights, double standards and the use of human rights issues to interfere in other countries’ internal affairs, and jointly promote all aspects of the international human rights agenda. healthy growth.

To improve the health of all mankind, the two sides continue to collaborate closely on global health issues, including supporting the role of the World Health Organization and opposing the politicization of its work.

Both sides firmly promote an open, inclusive, transparent and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system based on the rules of the World Trade Organization. The two sides are willing to strengthen cooperation under the WTO framework, promote WTO reform including restoring the normal operation of the dispute settlement mechanism, and promote the implementation of the outcomes of the 13th WTO Ministerial Conference. Both sides oppose the politicization of international economic relations, including the work of multilateral organizations in the fields of trade, finance, energy and transportation, which will lead to global trade fragmentation, protectionism and vicious competition.

Both sides condemned unilateral actions that bypassed the United Nations Security Council, violated international laws such as the United Nations Charter, and eroded justice and conscience, as well as unilateral measures that violated WTO rules. Restrictive measures that violate WTO rules hinder the development of free trade and have a negative impact on global industrial and supply chains. China and Russia are firmly opposed to this.

In addition, both sides emphasized their willingness to strengthen collaboration on multilateral platforms in professional fields, promote common positions, and oppose the politicization of the work of international organizations.

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Posted by Elvis on 05/28/24 •
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