Article 43

 

Thursday, February 07, 2013

Hardest Hit Mortgage Help

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THERE’S a government loan out there to pay your mortgage for up to 12 months while unemployed.

Hardest Hit Fund

Program Purpose and Overview

The housing crisis that began in 2007 led to unprecedented home price declines and sustained and higher unemployment in certain parts of the country. Families in these areas have been particularly hard hit by this crisis as they have struggled to make their monthly mortgage payments and grappled with deeply underwater mortgages.

LOOKS LIKE I live in one of those hardest hit parts of the country.

About Florida’s Hardest Hit Fund

For information and applications, go to flhardesthithelp.org or call (877) 863-5244.

There are two options:

Unemployment mortgage assistance program, which provides monthly mortgage payments.

Mortgage loan reinstatement payment program, which brings delinquent mortgage current.

Changes include:

Mortgage payments are increased from six months with a cap of $12,000 to 12 months with a cap of $24,000.

Money to bring a mortgage current is increased from a cap of $6,000 to $18,000 and will be paid when a homeowner is accepted into the program, rather than when the monthly mortgage allotments end.

Homeowners seeking only to have their mortgage arrearage paid can get up to $25,000.

Eligible homeowners cannot be in foreclosure, but a previous rule that said the mortgage had to be fewer than 180 days delinquent was eliminated. Mortgage servicers still have final say on whether they will accept Hardest Hit money from homeowners seriously behind on payments.

There is no time frame on when a mortgage was issued. Previously, only loans issued before Jan. 1, 2009, were eligible.

From the FACT SHEET

In February, US Treasury (Treasury) created the Housing Finance Agency (HFA) Innovation Fund for the “Hardest-Hit Housing Markets (HFA Hardest-Hit Fund) and allocated funds under the Emergency Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) to five states: Arizona, California, Florida, Michigan and Nevada.  The funds were allocated to these states because of their excessive housing market depreciation and to assist in foreclosure prevention efforts. In March 2010, Treasury allocated a second disbursement of $600 million to an additional five state HFAs based on high unemployment rates. On August 11, Treasury again expanded the HFA Hardest-Hit Fund to include a total of 18 states and the District of Columbia, and added an additional $2 billion.  Florida received another allocation of funds, $236.8 million, from the third round of funding, which added to the initial allocation of $418 million, brought Florida’s total funding to $656.8 million. Most recently, on September 29, 2010, Treasury announced a fourth round of funding, awarding Florida an additional $401 million; this brings Florida’s total award amount to more than $1 billion.

The Florida HHF program began in October 2010 with a pilot implemented in Lee County; the program opened statewide on April 18, 2011. Revisions to Florida HHF eligibility criteria and program benefits were implemented in June 2012.

From the FAQ

Homeowner Requirements

Must be a Florida resident, and a legal US resident or a legal alien;

Must occupy property as primary residence;

Must be unemployed or underemployed, with at least a 10 percent reduction in income of the borrower/co-borrower;

Total household income must be below 140% of the area median income (AMI) as provided by US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD); total household income includes all income for persons living in the home who are age 18 years and older;

Must have monthly housing debt of more than 31% of the homeowners gross monthly income; the combined monthly dollar cost of the mortgage principal, interest, taxes, insurance and association dues of all secured mortgages must be greater than 31% of the total household’s gross income after the financial hardship event; and

Must have an active checking or savings account that can be debited by the ACH method of funds transfer.

ALSO: Homeowners who have unencumbered assets or cash reserves (not including items such as retirement or qualified education plans, household goods or motor vehicles necessary for transportation) that are equal to or more than three times the total monthly mortgage payment (including tax and insurance payments), or that total $5,000 (whichever is greater), must first use those assets toward mortgage payments or other existing debt before being eligible for UMAP/MLRP funds.

IN ADDITION: The borrower and/or co-borrower, through no fault of their own, must have experienced a financial hardship. The areas of financial hardship that must be reviewed include job loss (unemployed), reduction in income or hours worked (underemployed), or reduction of income for a self-employed homeowner; the financial hardship must be as the result of at least a 10 percent reduction in income.

Mortgage Requirements

First mortgage is currently being serviced by a participating servicer/lender (as indicated by Florida Housing);

First mortgage is with a regulated financial institution; and

The outstanding principal balance of the first mortgage is $400,000 or less at the time of application.

VISIT

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Homeowners still underwater as aid runs out

By Mary Shanklin
Orlando Sentinel
May 25, 2013

Orlando resident Jose Polanco considered himself lucky when he was one of the few chosen to receive mortgage assistance from Florida’s billion-dollar Hardest Hit Fund.

The unemployed computer-repair technician said he is thankful the program recently began paying his $1,617-a-month mortgage. But when his slice of assistance runs out later this year or early next, he will still be left with a $350,000 mortgage on a house now worth about $190,000.

“We’re looking for the bank to reduce the principal,” said Polanco, 46. “If the funds for the principal come from the Hardest Hit fund, I don’t care. If the money comes from heaven or wherever, I don’t care. Just drop down the amount to the point where it reflects the real amount that the house is worth.”

Now in its third year, the Hardest Hit Fund in Florida has served only about 15 percent of the 40,000 homeowners who have applied for help. Once that help runs out after one year or when the homeowners find adequate employment ח their luck runs out and they often find themselves still struggling with mortgages far bigger than the value of their “underwater” homes.

Although the Hardest Hit Fund is a federal program, each state decides how to use the money, and in Florida state officials have given principal reductions a high priority. But that’s only one of a growing number of problems the program faces. Last month, federal officials said they would investigate Florida’s Hardest Hit Fund at the urging of U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla., after reports that the program has been mismanaged.

Hard hit and underwater

Even after a year of strong housing-price gains for the Orlando resale market, 41 percent of the area’s mortgaged homes were worth less than the amount owed on them as of March 31. But some areas of the four-county region are much more underwater than others, according to a report released last week by Zillow Inc., a Seattle-based company that collects housing data nationally.

The parts of Metro Orlando that continue to be defined by their financially upside-down houses include:

Pine Hills, which has the region’s highest percentage of underwater homes. In the area north of State Road 408 and east of Hiawassee Road, in the 32808 ZIP code, 68 percent of houses are financially “in the red” - one of the highest percentages in the entire United States. For the whole of Pine Hills, which is northwest of Orlando in unincorporated Orange County, about 8,500 homes have mortgages that exceed the properties’ values.

Washington Shores, a west Orlando community close behind Pine Hills in terms of housing distress. In the 32811 ZIP, 66 percent of homes are underwater.

Poinciana, a sprawling area straddling the line between Osceola and Polk counties. About 60 percent of the homes in that area’s 34758 ZIP are in the same situation.

The Apopka area in northwest Orange. A ZIP there has the greatest number of underwater homes of any ZIP in the metro area. The 32712 code has 4,630 houses with debt that outweighs their value. That’s about 45 percent of the homes in the area.

Polanco, his wife and two children live in a two-story home built at the peak of the market in 2007 next to Lake Nona in southeast Orlando. That area of the city has not been hit as hard as many others: About 42 percent of the homes in Polanco’s 32822 ZIP are underwater. Prices there are rising, though he said it’s still difficult to justify overpaying on a mortgage for years and years to come.

Such high rates of underwater-housing inventory are also artificially distorting the market, said Stan Humphries, chief economist for Zillow. Owners of those properties may be unable to sell them, and that keeps them off the market, further constraining the amount of inventory available and listed for sale, which in turn drives up prices.

But neither the unusually skimpy inventory nor historically low interest rates are likely to continue, he said.

“It’s not the pace of appreciation, but the question is whether it can continue,” Humphries said last week. “An 11 percent annual appreciation rate in Orlando is not sustainable.”

Hardest-hit probe

Since the Florida Housing Finance Corp. rolled out the state’s version of the Hardest Hit program in 2010, it has spent $108.8 million in assistance and an additional $25 million on administration and counseling, according to a first-quarter report released last month by the corporation.

Florida’s handling of the federal program has been criticized for focusing on mortgage modifications and interest-rate reductions more than on principal reductions. The country’s five-largest lenders ՗ Bank of America, Wells Fargo, Ally/GMAC, Citi and Chase agreed to fund the program as part of a settlement related to allegations that they had dealt in illegal mortgage documents.

Of those five, only Citi has forgiven the principal of borrowers not in foreclosure, the Treasury report showed. And even though some homeowners think the funds should help “right-size” the mortgages of owners who have continued to dutifully pay their underwater mortgages, despite financial hardship, only a small fraction of the funds have gone toward those kinds of customers, according to a first-quarter report issued by the U.S. Treasury Department.

The Florida program has also managed to serve homeowners who make more than the local median income. Though about 90 percent of the funds have gone to homeowners with annual incomes of $50,000 or less, about two dozen recipients of aid had incomes of at least $90,000 a year, according to the Florida Housing Finance Corp.’s quarterly report.

Controversy over the Florida program mounted last month when a special inspector general for the Treasury Department said she would initiate an audit. Concerns grew out of a Tampa Bay Times report that at least 15 people in the Tampa Bay area got assistance despite felony records for fraud, possession of child pornography and other serious offenses. Dozens more received help despite previous foreclosures, Internal Revenue Service liens and bankruptcies.

Polanco said he thinks the Hardest Hit assistance should help deserving families who are temporarily in need, so vulnerable neighborhoods can be stabilized. The unemployed father of two said he looks for jobs daily and would like to stay in his neighborhood, but it will be difficult to find a job making the kind of earnings he made back when he bought his home.

At that time, at the height of the homebuying frenzy, he was selling condominiums.

SOURCE

Posted by Elvis on 02/07/13 •
Section Dealing with Layoff
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